How is the carapace.

New research finds that the carapace, which is a complex structure that consists of 50 pieces of bone that have evolved long before the dinosaurs to rule the world.
In the latest edition of the journal Current Biology, The research said it shelled turtle and it is older than the Jurassic Park. The structure of the turtles that are designed to be durable and long-lasting this represents an adjustment for several million years ago.

Tyler Lyson of Yale University and the Smithsonian museums, said armature that began to change when more than 260 million years ago in the Permian era “like other complex structures. Carapace that evolved millions of years ago and gradually developed into the shape that it is today. ”

Carapace shield is the same as one solid piece. But because it was built with pieces of bone formation, it is combined with a way to connect to the ribs and the backbone of it.

“The reason is that most animals are not created through the expansion shell and connected to the ribs is probably because of ribs, reptiles and mammals, it is intended to aid ventilation of the lungs. If we include ribs with protective shell body and what it is we need to find new ways to breathe it. ”

He explains how turtles use the above method to create a turtle shell with the help of a one-line muscle itself. Continue reading

ISON Comet of century, bright even in day time.

ISON is the nickname of comet C/2012 S1, which is named Institute for Astronomy (International Scientific Optical Network) because there is no official name. But to be named expected to be “Nevski-Novichonok” By the discovery.

This comet may be the brightest comet in the last hundred years or it may be several hundred years old. Since the discovery of the distance from the sun, far from the September 21, 2012, which was discovered from the sky Photo taken on December 28, 2011 due to the distance from Jupiter to get almost to the orbit of Saturn. Comet is a very large , astronomers believe that comet is approaching the sun is bright on the magnitude described -10 to -16,
respectively. At least as bright as Comet Ikeya-Seki (C/1965 S1), which was the brightest comet in the last fifty years,
ISON comet it is possible to be bright as the full moon or may be more. Continue reading

A comet impact and the extinction of the dinosaurs occurred at the same time.

The extinction of the dinosaurs remains a mystery of a human till now. Many people believe that because the volcano, meteorite, comet, climate changes, But no one knows the correct answer. But today BGC University of California, Berkeley and the University of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Discover the precise time as you have found one of the world when dinosaurs went extinct 66 million years ago, as well as other adverse events that follow in their pitches. Continue reading

What is in mummy 4000 year’s old

Foreign news agencies reported. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, in Richmond County England. Cooperation with
Medical imaging Center, The Mummy ‘Tjeby ‘ age 4,000 years into the Computed Tomography or CT scans to reveal the story of the cloth wrapped the mummies of Egypt. The mummies were taken from the X-ray on 1 Feb 13,
This is not the first scan mummy by CT machine. The Scan is on the year 1977 , the mummy Tjeby ever scan on 1986 , but in 1986 that modern technology is quite old, so do not see much. Continue reading

URGENT! Recruit people who want to go to settlement on Mars.

“Mars One” non-profit organization located in the Netherlands. Recruit someone to settlers on Mars within the year 2023.
“Mars one” was published Apply. Which one of them is. Applicants must be determined. The purpose is clear. And have a good relationship with others. Including the ability to build trust with others. The candidate must also be flexible. Easily adaptable creative enthusiasm, full of initiative. And can solve the problem better. The key must be at least 18 years, the candidate selection process will begin in the first half of this year in the form of reality TV. Those chosen will be divided into 6 teams, each team will have at least 4 people , but only one team will be traveling to the Red Planet in September 2022. Continue reading

7 Discovery New Planet like to be Twin of Earth

The vast universe and could not find an end. There are millions of star floating in a sky. Although each star in the world is far too small to see only the glitter but with the advances in science that have been developed to make them humans can see the stars through a telescope. We have discovered a star that many both inside and outside the solar system , This is the beginning of the study the stars outside our solar system that look like world most. Low technology not powerful enough to do astronomers conclude that Earth-like planets could be Earth’s twin planet 2 or not.

Last news, the second world will find it easier when Abel mendes astronomers from planet to support life science research at the University of Puerto Rico, United States. Revealing that Now, with new technology to observe stars that are more efficient. Used with NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and The Observatory telescope in Chile. This technology allows astronomers to see more clearly the star. As a result, astronomers will be able to learn about the appearance of Earth-like planets that have been discovered earlier and more thoroughly. It is expected that by the year 2013, astronomers have discovered a planet twin of our earth. Continue reading

Found wind above the Arctic was that change the warm ocean currents

The researchers found that the high winds in the atmosphere above the Arctic Circle to affect the flow of warm ocean currents if the temperature was little changes . This is the first study to demonstrate a link between the atmosphere and ocean. It is known that the process in the stratosphere level did height 10 kilometers above the earth’s surface affect the troposphere the atmosphere above the area of climate change and the atmosphere in which we live and the weather could affect ocean currents. However, the report of our amazing planet that technical report researchers from the University of Utah, the United States published the journal Nature Geo Science, was one of the first study that demonstrates the impact strongly the stratosphere  atmosphere and under the ocean.

Thomas Reichler primary researcher and author of the report from Utah said. He and his team have demonstrated a clear link between the stratosphere leveltroposphere  and the ocean. Based on observations and climate modeling supercomputer weather conditions for a period of 4,000 years to show that high winds from the Arctic, the impact velocity for water heater in the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf Stream). Continue reading

Deadly E.Coli bacteria killed seven Japanese.

Japanese authorities announced on 19 August that the 7 patients who died on the island of Hokkaido in the north .
Hawk of the pickled vegetables contaminated with E.Coli bacteria to the death of people involved. with the country’s worst food poisoning in the past 10 years.
6 victims dead, a victim of the elderly in care of the elderly and the first burial was 4 years old girl and a total 103 of patients, the product is beet pickles from Chinese manufacturer on passd July. Japanese authorities are investigating the catalyst for further evidence.

E. coli bacteria called scientific Eschericia coli is gram negative bacteria (GNB) are important in gastrointestinal disease in the family  Enterobacteriaceae. That caused the disease in the digestive system, including Eschericia, Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterobacter, Serratia, Citrobacter, Morganella, Prowidensia, Edwardsiella. Indeed, E. coli bacteria can cause disease in other organs of the body, but are predominantly in the gastrointestinal tract.

Hunt Higg Boson: Interview with David Wiseman of CERN by Phd Comic.


Since I read about that Higg Boson PhdComic to be most easily understood.
 So I came down on the tape.

 For those who want to listen to the original invitation to

 The LHC is to discover and explore new things. We are looking for something fresh and different.  Although it was just crazy.

To create mass we just want to up quarks, electrons and down quarks.
From up quarks and down quarks, we can create protons, neutrons from electrons, neutrons and protons we will build the atoms of just about anything.  Thus, we need to everyday life.

However, we found that 12 of the particles. Why do we have with them? I do not know. How much of it 100? Million? or That only 12 characters? I don’t know.

Continue reading

Found oldest human red blood in Ice Man “Oetzi”

The researchers studied the body of “oetzi” the ice man by 5300 years old, his body was found frozen in the Alps of Italy since 1991 and scientists around the red blood cells. His wounds, which the red blood cells will decay quickly. The scan for blood in his body earlier, it could not find anything. But recent research study published in “the journal of the Journal of the Royal Society Interface” suggests that Oetzi’s body was remarkably well preserved. Even shed blood in a short period before his death, and BBC News has revealed that the discovery of the oldest red blood cells are preserved, and it’s a murder mystery.
Since oetzi was discovered by climbers that were embroidered on the back with an arrow. Experts have determined that he died from his wounds, and also that of his last meal . Last Feb  when professor Albert Zink and colleagues from the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman in the Italian data published genome of oetzi. And previous studies, this group published in the medical journal Lancet have revealed that the wounds on the hands of the oetzi is hemoglobin. The albumin in the blood in the wound, but it is believed that the nature of fragile red blood cells will allow us to preserve red blood cells was difficult to keep. Continue reading

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